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Poly International Plaza, Guangzhou, China
SWA Group, San Francisco, CA
client: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Poly International Plaza is an innovative office and exhibition center development located in China's Guangzhou trade district. Sited along the Pearl River and adjacent to historic Pazhou Temple Park, the project presents a precedent toward integrating development with its site and context, embracing the place of garden and sustainability in the society's rapid move toward modernization. The result is a striking modern aesthetic that interacts efficiently and beautifully with the timeless elements of nature.
Located in Guangzhou, China, the 57 hectare site, which offers 180,000 square meters of office and exhibition space, is part of the city's new exhibition and trade district. Situated between the Pearl River and the historic Pazhou Temple Park, the property was formerly agricultural fields with water channels linked directly to the Pearl River. The context of the river, along with the site's agricultural history, the region's tropical climate, the client's aesthetic appreciation of Chinese gardens, and our overarching aspiration to be innovative, sustainable, and modern have all converged to influence the landscape design.
The architecture and site are designed integrally to embrace habitable green- and sustainable-development strategies. Consisting of two slender north/south facing wafer towers coupled with low-rise podium buildings, the architecture is diagonally offset around a large central garden court. This building configuration and massing capture the prevailing breezes, channeling them through the central garden. As part of a broad architectural plinth, the entire garden court is elevated 1.5 meters to enhance the effects of these breezes. Continuous architectural canopies form an open-air sheltered concourse around the garden's perimeter. To instill a cooling effect, water surfaces are strategically configured to engage these breezes. During the monsoon season, the watercourse serves to partially store and convey storm runoff across the site.
Substantial building programs located below grade translate as more greenspace onsite. Aside from limited visitor parking areas, the majority of exhibition and parking spaces are recessed below grade in large horizontal structures. Approximately one-third of the site landscape is developed as roof gardens. To accommodate anticipated pedestrian usage, dense tree plantations establish a significant tree canopy that shades much of the groundplane, aggressively reducing the heat island effect. To support and sustain a vigorous tree canopy, a 1.5 meter soil layer is provided over much of these structures. Broad allées of trees establish a shady frame around the architecture and effectively shade the west and east facades of the lower plinth buildings. This perimeter of green canopy forms louvered panels of shade across drop-off and visitor parking areas, formally addressing each tower to its street frontage.
The buildings' offset configuration also establishes two important portals into the central garden. Set apart diagonally, these portals present prominent vistas and orientations to the river and the temple park beyond. From the southeast, the temple park's wooded landscape becomes "borrowed landscape," as the site's planted woodland visually merges with the park beyond. From the northwest portal, a covered causeway sits above the central garden's spillway overlooking river gardens of stepped fields and basins. As these fields and basins gently cascade toward the Pearl River, they merge with the river beyond and allude to the rice fields of the past. They are interconnected and serve as onsite filtration and percolation fields. The north entrance pavilion, terrace, and low fountain walls form the project gateway from the river and its riverfront park. Utilizing its long horizontal water jets, these water walls engage the water basins and fields with a series of horizontal water veils.
In response to the client's appreciation for Chinese gardens, the central garden reveals a contemporary sensibility toward classical Chinese gardens. We sought to capture garden qualities both sequential and processional, varied and delightful, ying and yang. A matrix of garden walls, step paths, stone planks, seating, local vegetation, and water are orchestrated to partition and interconnect the individual moments of the garden. Spanning a substantial length of the site, a great palm bosque and fountain trough formally link the main south entry to the north tower.
Within the garden, the linear fountain becomes a glazed fountain trough, allowing natural light down to exhibition spaces below. The wood terrace associated with the palm bosque serves as the central gathering space, while also protecting a continuous soil layer below. Water released from the formal fountain basin begins a sequential water/garden journey. Upon release, water is first revealed as a water court, then as a meandering watercourse within a stone garden, and next by flooded basins spliced with stainless weirsuntil it finally spils out onto the stepped basins, fields, and river beyond.
A collaborative spirit permeated the design process. A U.S. design team of architects, engineers, and landscape architects, having worked extensively together over many years, allowed for a closely collaborative and interactive design process. Together the team engaged the client regarding the goals and possibilities of the program and the potentials of the site and context. Upon reaching consensus on the design with the client and local government, the design team interacted with local Chinese design institutes and contractors in documenting and implementing the final design.
Additional SWA Group Team Members
I-Hsien Lee, Ye Luo, Aleksandra Dudukovic
Flack & Kurtz
CMS Collaborative, Inc.
Guangzhou Design Institute
China Landscape Design Institute
Guangzhou Landscape Planning and Design Institute
Auerbach & Glasow(CT)
Brandston Partnership Inc.
(SD, DD, CA)
Guangzhou No. 2 Construction & Engineering Co., Ltd.
Michael Sechman, SOM
"Crazy beautiful. It's refined, with exquisite detailing. A beautiful urban move to embrace the temple. It shows respect for Chinese garden legacy, but in a contemporary way. Surreal but solid."
— 2009 Professional Awards Jury